Chapman R, Keall M, Howden-Champan P, Grams M, Witten K, Randal E and Woodward A. (New Zealand) - Research Article
878. A Cost Benefit Analysis of an Active Travel Intervention with Health and Carbon Emission Reduction Benefits
The ACTIVE before-and-after quasi-experimental study (2010-2013) estimated the net benefits of health and other outcomes from New Zealand’s Model Communities Programme (MCP) using an empirical analysis comparing two intervention cities with two control cities.
Rissel, C, Crane, M, Standen, C, Wen, L, Ellison, R, Greaves, S. (Australia) - Research Article
876. Public support for bicycling and transport policies in inner Sydney, Australia: a cross sectional survey
This paper describes the degree of community support and factors associated with this support, for a number of potential transport policy options among an inner-city sample of residents in Sydney, Australia.
Dumuid, D, Pedisic, Z, Stanford, T. E, Martín-Fernández J. A., Hron K., Maher C., Olds, T. (Australia) - Research Article
877. The Compositional Isotemporal Substitution Model: A method for estimating changes in a health outcome for reallocation of time between sleep, sedentary behaviour, and physical activity.
This paper by Dumuid and colleagues  describes a new statistical technique relevant to the analysis of physical activity data.
Chesham, R. A., Booth, J. N., Sweeney, E. L., Ryde, G. C., Gorely, T., Brooks, N.E.,?and Moran, C. N. (United Kingdom) - Case Study
875. The Daily Mile makes primary school children more active, less sedentary and improves their fitness and body composition: a quasi-experimental pilot study
Does engaging in ‘The Daily Mile' (promoted by Scottish Government) make primary school children more active, less sedentary and improve their fitness and body composition?
Charlie Foster, Paul Kelly, Hamish A B Reid, Nia Roberts, Elaine M Murtagh, David K Humphreys, Jenna Panter, Karen Milton (United Kingdom) - Research Article
874. What works to promote walking at the population level? A systematic review
The authors of this study systematically reviewed the effectiveness of population approaches to promote walking among individuals and groups.
Rebecca Bentley, Tony Blakely, Anne Kavanagh, Zoe Aitken, Tania King, Paul McElwee, Billie Giles-Corti, and Gavin Turrell (Australia) - Case Study
871. A Longitudinal Study Examining Changes in Street Connectivity, Land Use, and Density of Dwellings and Walking for Transport in Brisbane, Australia
Societies face the challenge of keeping people active as they age. Walkable neighborhoods have been associated with physical activity, but more rigorous analytical approaches are needed.
Cormie, P., Atkinson, M., Bucci, L., Cust, A., Ealkin, E., Hayes, S., McCarthy, S., Murnane, A., Patchell, S. and Adams, D. (Australia) - Research Article
872. Clinical Oncology Society of Australia position statement on exercise in cancer care
This article summarises the position of the Clinical Oncology Society of Australia (COSA) on the role of exercise in cancer care, taking into account the strengths and limitations of the evidence base.
Champion, R.B., Smith, L.R., Smith, J., Hirlav, B., Maylor, B.D., White, S.L. and Bailey, D.P. (United Kingdom) - Research Article
870. Reducing prolonged sedentary time using a treadmill desk acutely improves cardiometabolic risk markers in male and female adults
In developed countries and the rapidly urbanizing populations of developing countries, too much sitting as distinct from too little exercise has become the default behavioural option. Reducing prolonged periods of sitting has therefore emerged as a new focus for reducing the risk of cardiometabolic diseases.
Laura Wilde (United Kingdom) - Research Article
7. ISPAH Early Career Network
This systematic review protocol outlines the methods for synthesising the qualitative literature on the barriers and facilitators of using apps and wearables for monitoring physical activity and/or sedentary behaviour in adults.
Harris, T., Kerry, S.M., Limb, E.S., Furness, C., Wahlich, C., Victor, C. R., Iliffe, S., Whincup, P.H., Ussher, M., Eklund, U., Fox-Rushby, J., Ibison, J., DeWilde, S., McKay, C. and Cook, D.G. (United Kingdom) - Research Article
869. Physical activity levels in adults and older adults 3–4 years after pedometer-based walking interventions: Long-term follow-up of participants from two randomised controlled trials in UK primary care
Physical inactivity is an important cause of noncommunicable diseases. Interventions can increase short-term physical activity, but few interventions have evaluated physical activity objectively beyond 12 months. We followed up two pedometer interventions with positive 12-month effects to examine objective physical activity levels at 3–4 years.